Tuesday, January 17, 2017

A Lot of Misbehaving - Bad Computer!!

Last week, both of my computers decided to misbehave at almost the same time. Windows Defender was the first to misbehave by hogging 40% of my CPU, which left my fan running constantly and my computer getting pretty warm ... this was on my Surface Pro 4, running Windows 10. Next, Windows Update did nearly the same thing, again hogging CPU and causing a constantly running fan and excess heat … this was on my Dell Venue 11 Pro, running Windows 8.1. Luckily for me, the Dell didn’t start having problems until after I had resolved the problems on the Surface, but I only got a day of breathing room. Talk about a frustrating week!!! So, how did I fix these naughty computers? Read on …

Windows Defender

The weird thing about this problem was that this computer wasn’t even idle at the time … Defender isn’t supposed to be running any kind of Scan while the computer is in use, and I was *definitely* using it when this mess started! But, I left it running, assuming it would finish up soon … 4 hours later, it was still running!  I realized later (when trying a Quick Scan on my other computer), that my scans only take about 3-8 minutes, not hours and hours and hours!! That should have been my first clue. I Googled and saw several suggestions, none of which helped:

  • I tried rebooting, didn’t help.
  • I set it to exclude scanning the file MsMPEng.exe, didn’t help.
  • I tried scanning with sfc (System File Check, using /verifyonly rather than /scannow), it told me I had no problems.

I hibernated overnight, because I didn’t want it overheating during the night. Obviously, when I brought it back from hibernation the next morning, it continued running at 40% CPU, as expected, and I shut it down again.

Later that day, I ran Defender from its UI on my *other* computer and I noticed that it shows a progress bar and a running count of the files it is scanning (I guess I never bothered to run it from the UI before). So, I decided to try a Quick Scan on *this* computer, even though Defender was still scanning (the 40% CPU). Lo and behold, the UI showed that it got stuck after scanning 12,471 files … number 12,472 just stayed up there and now my CPU usage rose to nearly 80%!  Yikes!!  I shut it down again, and worked the rest of the day from my other computer (I do all of my development work on VM’s that are hosted somewhere else on our network, so I could actually work on stuff from either computer).

Over the course of the day, I periodically started it up just to check my email or to try something I found while Googling (and hoping that just the act of restarting it might eventually magically make it stop), and then would shut it down again because no magic happened and the CPU was still running high. The only thing different that I did before shutting it down that night was to Disable the Scheduled Scan in the Task Scheduler, so it would at least not keep trying to run a scan.

The next morning after startup, it continued misbehaving and I continued shutting it down and starting it back up again to check my email. After a couple of rounds of this up and down, finally magic *did* happen! All of a sudden it started working. I think that Disabling the Scheduled Scan definitely helped. But the real kicker was my discovery from a fellow MVP (Derek Knight) as to *why* I probably had the problem in the first place.

Back in the day (ending with Windows 7), a full ShutDown was always better than a Restart because, basically, when you started back up from a full ShutDown it was starting up totally “from scratch”, like a cold boot. A Restart didn’t shut everything down before it came back up and didn’t do all of the “checks” that a full start up did. But now, starting with Windows 8, it’s totally the opposite behavior! And the problem that I was having was most likely related to always doing a ShutDown. Derek says that “Defender has an annoying habit of getting hung up on scanning a non existent driver that doesn't exist any longer. A full Restart loads a new instance of the drivers. That normally solves it. This can also happen when you shut down, if Fast Startup is enabled. After 3 or 4 start ups, some existing drivers don't fully load so Defender sees them as corrupt. They are in memory but not physically able to be scanned.”

Fast Startup was most likely the culprit … just prior to all hell breaking loose with my Defender problems, I had been having a lot of issues/warnings about a corrupted bluetooth mouse driver. Restarting seemed to solve the problem, but sometimes it didn’t (probably when I ShutDown instead of Restarted). Anyway, read this very interesting article from “How-To Geek” about Fast Startup. I turned mine off and have not had any problems since:

http://www.howtogeek.com/243901/the-pros-and-cons-of-windows-10s-fast-startup-mode/

Windows Update

No sooner had I fixed the Defender problem on my Surface, then my Dell Venue started misbehaving with Windows Update. Arrrrgggghhhh!!!   =0(   Apparently, Update was getting stuck while “Checking for Updates”. Maybe it was stuck on a file download or maybe it was something else, I don’t know what. I only know that it would run up my CPU to about 25-30% and never stop!

So, I ended up shutting off Windows Update until I could find a solution. To turn it off go to Control Panel | System and Security | Windows Update | Change Settings and choose “Never check for updates” … like this:

I had found a few suggestions to try while Googling, like running the built-in Update Troubleshooter, which you can find by typing “troubleshooter” in the Start | Search box and click the Troubleshooter result. Then start Troubleshooting by clicking on System and Security | Fix Problems With Windows Update:

It didn’t work for me, but it’s a good starting place.

Next, it was “How-to Geek” to the rescue again:

http://www.howtogeek.com/247380/how-to-fix-windows-update-when-it-gets-stuck/

The How-To Geek offers several things you can try to fix the problem. I had already tried one or two of them that I had found from my previous Googling. I decided that I was so sick and tired of trying every little suggestion I found when none of them ever worked, that I was going to skip to the end of the article and try the sure-fire, easy way (according to How-To Geek, it has always worked for them in the past when none of the other solutions did) … and that is using the third-party tool called WSUS Offline Update. The link to download it is provided in the above article, as well as instructions as to what to do with it once you’ve downloaded it. What WSUS does is download a bunch of Windows Updates, depending on which Windows version you’ve got and which downloads you’ve already installed. Be forewarned that it may take a while to download if you’re way behind on updates. Mine took all night to download (but, my Internet connection stinks … so YMMV). Installing the Updates took a *lot* less time than downloading them. But, it’s the end result that matters and when all is said and done, this *worked*!!!! No more stalling when it’s trying to Check for Updates!

Oh, and don’t forget to change the Windows Updates settings back to “Install Updates Automatically”.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Always Use Environment.SpecialFolders

Never, *ever*, hard-code a path to directories like User Documents or AppData!! As far back as Windows XP, a user could move those directories off of the C drive (from C:\Users\MyName\……) and put them on another drive. This is mainly done for two reasons:

  1. To save space on the C drive.
  2. To keep data separate from the OS and other installed programs.

So, in your application, if you hard-coded a path to C:\Users\MyName\Documents you could be in trouble if you tried to write a file there, and the user had “re-mapped” the folder elsewhere … because you’d get a “Directory Not Found” exception. Instead, use the Environment.SpecialFolders enum. (Please note that this probably does NOT apply to UWP apps … and since I don’t write those currently, I can’t speak authoritatively about the correct way to determine these folders in a UWP app.)

Here’s an example:

string DocFolder = Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.MyDocuments);
string MyFile = "MyTestFile.txt";
File.WriteAllText(Path.Combine(DocFolder, MyFile), "This is my test data...");

The above code-snippet will result in the file being written where a user expects it to be written.

There are a number of these SpecialFolders, such as:

Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.LocalApplicationData);
Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.CommonApplicationData);
Environment.GetFolderPath(Environment.SpecialFolder.CommonDocuments);

You can explore them yourself using Intellisense to see what else there is.

Another handy File/Directory trick to have up your sleeve, is the use of the Path.GetTempPath() and Path.GetTempFileName() methods.  There is typically a Temp directory in the User’s local AppData folder, so again it’s very important to use Path.GetTempPath() if you intend to write/read a file to this Temp directory.

The Path.GetTempFileName() method is great if you don’t really care about the name of the file you want to write, if it truly is a quickie temp file that you will use right away and then delete. What the GetTempFileName() method does is create a zero-byte file for you and returns the path to it, including the randomly-generated name it used. Here’s an example of how you might use it:

string temp = Path.GetTempFileName();
try
{
File.WriteAllText(temp, "This is data in a temporary file!");
// Then do something with that file, whatever your temporary needs are
}
finally
{
File.Delete(temp);
}

One last thing that I should mention. I have not found a way to access the Downloads folder using the Environment.SpecialFolders enum nor any other built-in C# methods. A fellow named Ray Koopa has a Code Project article in which he has written a wrapper class to access all the Special Folders, Downloads included. He also has created a NuGet package for his wrapper. You can find it all here:

https://www.codeproject.com/articles/878605/getting-all-special-folders-in-net 

Happy Coding! =0)

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Microsoft MVP Summit 2016

I've been a Microsoft MVP since 2003. I still consider myself basically a C# MVP, but Microsoft has rolled up a lot of developer categories under one umbrella now: Visual Studio and Development Technologies. As you may know, being a Microsoft MVP means helping the community, in my case, the .NET community of developers. I do this with my blog posts and the many questions that I try to answer on the MSDN forums: https://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/vstudio/en-US/home.

Many of my readers have probably heard of the annual Summit in which a few thousand MVPs from around the world descend on the Microsoft campus for 4-5 days of geekiness. I have attended every Summit since I've been an MVP. This year's Summit was interesting though ... since Microsoft has gone Open Source with most of .NET's source code, not everything at the Summit this year was under NDA (Non-Disclosure Agreement). It was hard to keep track of what was and what wasn't, so I decided it was easier just to not talk about anything when I got back.

But we *were* told this: that a lot of what we were hearing about at the Summit would become public the following week at the Connect conference in NYC. And so it did ... the conference was streamed live at the time, but the videos are available at https://connectevent.microsoft.com/ ... watch and be amazed!

On the last day that I was at the Summit, I participated in the MVP Hackathon, where we get to write code and explore new features alongside Microsoft engineers. Kinda geeky and fun!  Here's a public link about the event: https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/webdev/2016/11/22/mvp-hackathon-2016/  I'm not in the group picture that was taken at the end of the day because I had to leave after lunch (pizza!) to drive home. It's not a long drive (100 miles), but I wanted to get home before dark (and the sun sets early this time of year) ... I really don't like to drive at night. During the Hackathon, I was learning how to write extensions to Visual Studio ... not a new thing, but something that I hadn't done before, so it was new to me. The other people in my group doing extensions wrote some awesome stuff: Nico Vermier, David Gardiner, Cecilia Wiren and Terje Sandstrom. Their stuff is all on GitHub, so take a look at the Hackathon link above and check out some of the great extensions that they wrote. I never finished my extension ... because I had to leave early and didn't really have anything specific in mind that I wanted to accomplish, I just wanted to learn how to do it. I should have finished my experimentation when I got home, but life and work get in the way sometimes. ;)

Happy coding ...

Sunday, October 09, 2016

OneDrive & Group Policy

This is another departure from my normal blog posts (which are usually about .NET and/or C#), but I had a problem with OneDrive last week and I found a way to fix it, which I will share with you.

My “old” computer is a Dell Venue 11 Pro running Windows 8.1. It’s been rather buggy since I bought the thing several years ago (especially the docking station which needs frequent “re-boots”), so I had attributed my issues to this inherent problem … but I was wrong. 

I noticed last week that OneDrive wasn’t updating and in fact, the little Cloud icon wasn’t even appearing in my system tray. OneDrive hadn’t been running in days and I never noticed it (the Venue isn’t my main computer anymore, as I now have a Surface Pro 4 running Windows 10 … which was having no problems at all with OneDrive). I figured that all I had to do was reboot and all would be fine. It wasn’t. When I rebooted, I noticed this message appear:

I really didn’t know if this had anything to do with my problem with OneDrive, but it definitely did *not* look like a good thing. So, I took a look at the Event Log and all it said was:

The Group Policy Client service failed to start due to the following error:
The service did not respond to the start or control request in a timely fashion.” 

I went to look at the Services (choose “Administrative Tools” under Control Panel, and then open “Computer Management” … click on Services under “Services and Applications”) and sure enough, the Group Policy Client service was not running.

Well, at least it gave me something else to Google. When I did that, I saw other people mentioning this error in respect to OneDrive … or actually, to SkyDrive (the precursor to OneDrive). As it turns out, when I bought my Venue, OneDrive hadn’t come out yet … so I had SkyDrive. When OneDrive arrived (with a Windows Update I assume, I don’t remember), it automatically linked my existing SkyDrive to the new OneDrive … however, my SkyDrive folders still “lived” in my User folder (C:\Users\Bonnie\SkyDrive). And there was the reason I was having a problem … my “standard” User folder was not accessible due to this Group Policy Service not starting.

So, I found this YouTube video by Eugene Robertus who told of a way to fix it by making some changes to the Registry. It’s a long video but I watched it all and, as it turns out, the thing that Eugene says to check for was OK in my Registry.


Go to the Registry key \HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\SvcHost. In the right panel, double-click the “netsvcs” entry to bring up the Edit Multi-String dialog box. Note that I already have an entry in that list for “gpsvc”, which is the Group Policy Service. So why wasn’t that Service running?

… so, back to the drawing board (back to Googling, actually).I found a blog post by a guy who had the exact same problem (everything looked fine in the Registry, GP Service still not running): Group Policy Client Services Error and this guy had the solution. Apparently, it’s possible there’s a blank line in that list in the Registry that’s causing a problem. He said that he went to the bottom of the list and noticed that the cursor was on a new line after the last entry. Just backspace so that the cursor is after the last character of the last entry, click OK. You’ll get a “Warning” message about “empty strings” and it says the Registry Editor will remove all empty strings it finds in that entry. Click OK again, it gets fixed and you’re done. Reboot and voila! No more error message about the Group Policy Service!

And guess what … my OneDrive started working too!

And just for the heck of it, I thought I’d check it out on my Surface Pro 4 too … I didn’t have a problem with OneDrive, but I did notice that the Group Policy Service wasn’t running (apparently though, it doesn’t always run … it’s a triggered service), but I had the same issue with the Registry entry (empty strings) so that got fixed … who knows what else it might have affected.

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

More DataAccess - And You Thought I Was Done With It!

Back in 2009, I wrote a 3-part series of blog posts about DataAccess. You can find them here: Part I, Part II and Part III.  These posts are still relevant, even though they are old. Then, a year ago, I revisited that topic to add some additional things to my DataAccess class (implementing IDisposable and Transactions with TransactionScope). You can find that here: DataAccess Revisited

And now, I need to add something else that I’ve been meaning to add, because my DataAccess class is missing something important!! It was pointed out to me by a few people (via email) probably also about a year ago … it just took me awhile to get back to this. I hope it haven’t negatively affected too many people (probably not, or I would have had more complaints about it … or people figured it out themselves, all the while cussing me out silently)!!!

Anyway, that missing thing is TableMappings on the DataAdapter!! Basically, this needs to be added to the BBDataAccess class:

private void SetTableMappings(DataSet ds)
{
if (this.oAdapter.TableMappings.Count > 0)
return;

DataTable dt;
string TableName;
for (int i = 0; i < ds.Tables.Count; i++)
{
dt = ds.Tables[i];
if (dt.TableName.ToUpper().StartsWith("TABLE") == false)
{
if (i == 0)
TableName = "Table";
else
TableName = "Table" + i.ToString();
this.oAdapter.TableMappings.Add(TableName, dt.TableName);
}
}
}

And the existing FillData() method needs to have a call to SetTableMappings() before filling the DataSet, like this:

protected void FillData(DataSet ds, string StoredProcName)
{
this.oCommand.CommandText = StoredProcName;
this.SetTableMappings(ds);
this.oAdapter.Fill(ds);
}

That should take care of it! 

Happy Coding!  =0)

Saturday, July 23, 2016

PEMSTATUS & More With Reflection In .NET

Many, many, *many* years ago, when I was a Visual FoxPro developer, we could make use of a VFP function called PEMSTATUS. One of the things that function could tell you was whether or not a particular class/object contained a particular Property or Event or Method (hence the “PEM”) and other information about that P/E/M.

I’ve repurposed some of that functionality in .NET. Many of you may remember a post I wrote about 7 years ago, Reflection in .NET. That blog post was about using Reflection to dynamically instantiate a class using a string containing the name of the class. Well, we can also use Reflection for determining if a class/object contains a P/E/M, and we can then use Reflection for getting the value of a property or executing a method … all dynamically, just with a string containing the name.

Let’s say that we add some static methods to that MyReflectionClass from that 7-year-old post.

First, how about a PemStatus() method that will just tell us if a P/E/M exists? Here it is, along with two supporting methods:

// PemStatus checks for existence of a Property, Event or Method
public static bool PemStatus(object o, string name, string PEM)
{
    switch (PEM.ToUpper())
    {
        case "P":
            PropertyInfo pi = o.GetType().GetProperty(name);
            if (pi == null)
            {
                // GetProperty will only work on "real" properties ... those with get/set
                // Consequently, we want to look at Fields if we don't get a hit with GetProperty
                FieldInfo fi = GetFieldInfo(o, name);
                if (fi == null)
                    return false;
            }
            return true;
        case "E":
            EventInfo ei = o.GetType().GetEvent(name, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static);
            if (ei == null)
            {
                // GetEvent doesn't always find the Event, so we'll check the Fields for it in that case
                FieldInfo fi = GetFieldInfo(o, name);
                return fi != null;
            }
            return ei != null;
        case "M":
            MethodInfo mi = GetMethodInfo(o, name);
            return mi != null;
        default:
            return false;
    }
}
private static FieldInfo GetFieldInfo(object o, string name)
{
    FieldInfo fi = null;
    if (o is System.Windows.Forms.Control && !(o is System.Windows.Forms.Form))
        fi = typeof(Control).GetField("Event" + name, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static);
    if (fi == null)
        fi = o.GetType().GetField(name, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static);
 
    // Base class fields are not always searched, so we need to look in each BaseType if fi is still null
    if (fi == null)
    {
        Type baseType = o.GetType().BaseType;
        while (baseType != null && fi == null)
        {
            fi = baseType.GetField(name, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static);
            baseType = baseType.BaseType;
        }
    }
 
    return fi;
}
private static MethodInfo GetMethodInfo(object o, string name)
{
    MethodInfo mi = null;
 
    mi = o.GetType().GetMethod(name, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static) as MethodInfo;
 
    // Base class methods are not always searched, so we need to look in each BaseType if mi is still null
    if (mi == null)
    {
        Type baseType = o.GetType().BaseType;
        while (baseType != null && mi == null)
        {
            mi = baseType.GetMethod(name, BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Public | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Static);
            baseType = baseType.BaseType;
        }
    }
 
    return mi;
}

Now, what is this useful for? How about this: you might want to simply test for the existence of a P/E/M before deciding to do something else in your logic.  Let’s think of something that kind of makes sense. Let’s say that you’ve got an instance of a class (whether or not it’s been dynamically instantiated doesn’t matter) … let’s call it MyTest. You want to see if it has a Property called “TestIt”. I use the term “Property” loosely here, because it could also be a field (public, protected or even private).

Now, say your requirements are such that if MyTest has a TestIt property, then you want to get the value of that property and then see if MyTest contains a Method with the name contained in the TestIt property … and if so, execute that Method!  It’s actually pretty easy to do, but we’ll need some more static methods added to MyReflectionClass. Here they are:

// The next 3 methods, do stuff with the P/E/M:
// You can get the Property's value, execute the Event's handler, or execute the Method
public static object GetPropertyValue(object o, string name)
{
    PropertyInfo pi = o.GetType().GetProperty(name);
    if (pi != null)
        return pi.GetAccessors()[0].Invoke(o, null);
 
    FieldInfo fi = GetFieldInfo(o, name);
    if (fi != null)
        return fi.GetValue(o);
 
    return null;
}
public static void ExecuteEventHandler(object o, string name, EventArgs args = null)
{
    object eventKey = null;
    FieldInfo fi = GetFieldInfo(o, name);
 
    if (fi != null)
        eventKey = fi.GetValue(o);
 
    if (eventKey != null)
    {
        // This is for Events on non-Control objects
        if (eventKey is EventHandler)
            ((EventHandler)eventKey)(o, args);
        else
        {
            // This is for Events on Controls (such as a Button Click)
            EventHandlerList eventHandlerList = null;
            PropertyInfo pi = o.GetType().GetProperty("Events", BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Static | BindingFlags.Instance);
            if (pi != null)
                eventHandlerList = pi.GetValue(o, new object[] { }) as EventHandlerList;
 
            if (eventHandlerList != null)
            {
                var eventHandler = eventHandlerList[eventKey] as Delegate;
                Delegate[] invocationList = eventHandler.GetInvocationList();
                foreach (EventHandler item in invocationList)
                {
                    item(o, args);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
public static object ExecuteMethod(object o, string name, object[] parms = null)
{
    object result = null;
 
    try
    {
        MethodInfo mi = GetMethodInfo(o, name);
        if (mi != null)
        {
            // Let's add checks for parameters while we're at it
            ParameterInfo[] pi = mi.GetParameters();
            if ((pi.Length == 0 && parms == null) || (parms != null && pi.Length == parms.Length))
                result = mi.Invoke(o, parms);
            else
                result = string.Format("Parameter mismatch in method '{0}'. Method expected {1} parameter{2}, but received {3}.",
                    name, pi.Length, pi.Length > 1 ? "s" : "", parms == null ? "none" : parms.Length.ToString());
        }
        else
            result = string.Format("Method '{0}' does not exist");
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        result = ex.Message;
    }
 
    return result;
}

Here is the class we’ll be instantiating and using in our testing:

public class TestForBlog
{
    protected string TestIt = "DoIt";

    protected void DoIt()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Did It!!");
    }
}

The class *does* contain a field called TestIt. It defaults to containing the string “DoIt”. And there *is* a method called DoIt defined in this class!! Here’s how we implement this test:

// As mentioned, this could have been instantiated via Reflection, but that's not the point of this particular blog post. 
// Read the older post, for which I provided the link, to see how that would work ...
TestForBlog MyTest = new TestForBlog();
 
// First see if the Property "TestIt" exists:
if (MyReflectionClass.PemStatus(MyTest, "TestIt", "P"))
{
    // It does, let's grab the value, see if there's a method with that name and execute it if there is
    string MethodToTest = MyReflectionClass.GetPropertyValue(MyTest, "TestIt").ToString();
    if (MyReflectionClass.PemStatus(MyTest, MethodToTest, "M"))
        MyReflectionClass.ExecuteMethod(MyTest, MethodToTest);
}

That’s all there is to it. Hopefully you may find this useful!!

Happy coding!  =0)

Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Transport RSA Key Containers

We have a Message Bus application where messages are passed all around, from one application instance to another. This message traffic can be intranet, inter-domain or internet. We keep the messages safe from prying eyes by using RSA encryption (public keys are stored in databases).

Now, the whole RSA encryption thing is a topic for another day (or just Google for more info, in case I never get around to writing that blog post). Today, I’m going to talk about what to do if you need to move one of your existing Message Bus deployments to another computer for some reason (like the computer is old or dying and you need to replace it with new hardware).

This new computer will not have your RSA KeyContainer. Creating a new KeyContainer with the same name doesn’t get you the same keys, obviously. All your messaging traffic comes to a screeching halt, because now the messages can’t be decrypted with these different keys.

The solution is to copy your RSA KeyContainer to the new computer. I have a little utility application that I wrote that will read the RSA KeyContainer and write it to an XML file. The utility will also read from an XML file and create an RSA KeyContainer from it. In the UI of the utility, simply click one button to save the KeyContainer to the XML file. Click another button to create a KeyContainer from the XML file.

Here’s the basic code you need to do that (you can write the UI part of it yourself):

private string KeyContainerName = "Your.KeyContainer.Name";
private string DefaultFileName = "YourKeyContainer.xml";
private string SavedFileName = "";
private RSACryptoServiceProvider KeyContainer;

// call these from one of the two button clicks:
private void GetKeyContainerSaveToFile()
{
if (this.GetRSAContainer())
{
// save key container to a file
this.WriteDataToFile(this.KeyContainer.ToXmlString(true), this.DefaultFileName);
if (this.SavedFileName != "")
// Display to UI: "RSA KeyContainer saved to " + this.SavedFileName;
else
// Display to UI: "CANCELLED! RSA KeyContainer NOT saved to file";
}
}
private void GetXmlCreateKeyContainer()
{
if (this.GetRSAContainer())
{
// read key container XML from file and save it to the container
string key = this.ReadDataFromFile(this.DefaultFileName);
if (key != "")
{
this.KeyContainer.FromXmlString(key);
// Display to UI: "RSA KeyContainer info retrieved from file " + this.SavedFileName + " and saved to machine KeyContainer";
}
else
// Display to UI: "CANCELLED! RSA NOT retreived from file and NOT saved to machine";
}
}

// this will get an existing Container, or create a new Container if none exists
private bool GetRSAContainer()
{
try
{
// retrieve the key container
CspParameters cp = new CspParameters();
cp.KeyContainerName = this.KeyContainerName;
cp.Flags |= CspProviderFlags.UseMachineKeyStore;
this.KeyContainer = new RSACryptoServiceProvider(cp);
return true;
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
// Display the Exception to UI
return false;
}
}

// Write to an XML file:
private void WriteDataToFile(string Data, string FileName)
{
// Configure file dialog box
Microsoft.Win32.SaveFileDialog dlg = new Microsoft.Win32.SaveFileDialog();
dlg.FileName = FileName;
dlg.DefaultExt = ".xml"; // Default file extension
dlg.Filter = "XML documents (.xml)|*.xml"; // Filter files by extension

// Show save file dialog box
Nullable<bool> result = dlg.ShowDialog();

if (result == true)
{
this.SavedFileName = dlg.FileName;
using (StringReader sr = new StringReader(Data))
{
using (TextWriter tw = new StreamWriter(dlg.FileName))
{
string s = null;
while (true)
{
s = sr.ReadLine();
if (s != null)
tw.WriteLine(s);
else
break;
}
}
}
}
else
this.SavedFileName = "";
}

// Retrieve from the XML file
private string ReadDataFromFile(string FileName)
{
// Configure file dialog box
Microsoft.Win32.OpenFileDialog dlg = new Microsoft.Win32.OpenFileDialog();
dlg.FileName = FileName;
dlg.DefaultExt = ".xml"; // Default file extension
dlg.Filter = "XML documents (.xml)|*.xml"; // Filter files by extension

// Show open file dialog box
Nullable<bool> result = dlg.ShowDialog();

string xml = "";
if (result == true)
{
this.SavedFileName = dlg.FileName;
using (StreamReader file = new StreamReader(dlg.FileName))
{
xml = file.ReadToEnd();
}
}
else
this.SavedFileName = "";

return xml;
}